Welcome back! Last week we visited Vanuatu, Benin, Niger and more! This week we are dashing off to many exciting areas of the world – Bolivia, Singapore, Ecuador and more…Grab your hat and sunglasses and we’re off to travel the world!
Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, Chile, and Peru. During most of the Spanish colonial period, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru and administered by the Royal Court of Charcas. After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825.
Ivory Coast is officially the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, located in West Africa. It borders Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana. Prior to its colonization by Europeans, the Ivory Coast was home to several states. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after independence. An 1843–44 treaty made Ivory Coast a protectorate of France and in 1893, it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa. Ivory Coast became independent on 7 August 1960.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. The islands were settled in the second century AD and subsequently belonged to a series of local empires. Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the East India Company with permission from the Johor Sultanate. The British obtained sovereignty over the island in 1824, and Singapore became one of the British Straits Settlements in 1826. Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, Singapore declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1963 and united with other former British territories to form Malaysia, from which it was expelled two years later, on 9 August 1965, through a unanimous act of parliament. Since then, Singapore has developed rapidly, earning recognition as one of the Four Asian Tigers.
Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador is in north western South America, bordered by Colombia, Peru, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific. Ecuador proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed when all of the conspirators of the movement were executed on August 2, 1810. On May 24, 1822, Ecuador gained its independence after Antonio José de Sucre defeated the Spanish Royalist forces. Following this, Ecuador joined Simón Bolívar’s Republic of Gran Colombia and in 1830 it separated again and became an independent republic.
Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. Colonized by the French but primarily viewed the colony as an unimportant source of untrained labour and raw cotton. After World War II, France granted Chad the status of overseas territory and its inhabitants the right to elect representatives to the French National Assembly and a Chadian assembly. Chad was granted independence on 11 August 1960.
Now that you have learned a little more about global events, consider adding one of these courses to your To Learn List:
- World Music
- Paradoxes of War
- Chinese Language and Culture
- Analysing Global Trends for Business and Society
- Introduction to Global Sociology
Around the World in 62 Days
We’ve visited 88 countries so far – and we still have another 3 weeks of journeying! Where to next? Well, next week we will visit Pakistan and India, South Korea, Gabon and many more… then we will spend some time in Europe, Asia and South America before the end of August!