Around the World in 62 Days: Day 36-42

Around the World in 62 Days

Welcome back!  Last week we visited Vanuatu, Benin, Niger and more!  This week we are dashing off to many exciting areas of the world – Bolivia, Singapore, Ecuador and more…Grab your hat and sunglasses and we’re off to travel the world!

 

 

August 6

 

Bolivia

200px-Flag_of_Bolivia_(state).svgBolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by BrazilParaguay and ArgentinaChile, and Peru. During most of the Spanish colonial period, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru and administered by the Royal Court of Charcas.  After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825.

 

 

 

August 7

Cote d’Ivoire

Flag_of_Côte_d'Ivoire.svgIvory Coast is officially the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, located in West Africa. It borders LiberiaGuineaMaliBurkina Faso, and Ghana. Prior to its colonization by Europeans, the Ivory Coast was home to several states. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after independence.  An 1843–44 treaty made Ivory Coast a protectorate of France and in 1893, it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa. Ivory Coast became independent on 7 August 1960.

 

 

August 9

Singapore

200px-Flag_of_Singapore.svgSingapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.  The islands were settled in the second century AD and subsequently belonged to a series of local empires. Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the East India Company with permission from the Johor Sultanate. The British obtained sovereignty over the island in 1824, and Singapore became one of the British Straits Settlements in 1826. Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, Singapore declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1963 and united with other former British territories to form Malaysia, from which it was expelled two years later, on 9 August 1965, through a unanimous act of parliament. Since then, Singapore has developed rapidly, earning recognition as one of the Four Asian Tigers.

 

August 10

Ecuador

Flag_of_Ecuador.svgEcuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador is in north western South America, bordered by ColombiaPeru, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific.  Ecuador proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed when all of the conspirators of the movement were executed on August 2, 1810. On May 24, 1822,  Ecuador gained its independence after Antonio José de Sucre defeated the Spanish Royalist forces. Following this, Ecuador joined Simón Bolívar’s Republic of Gran Colombia and in 1830 it separated again and became an independent republic.

 

 

August 11

 

 

Chad

200px-Flag_of_Chad.svgChad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by LibyaSudan, the Central African RepublicCameroon, Nigeria and Niger.  Colonized by the French but primarily viewed the colony as an unimportant source of untrained labour and raw cotton. After World War II, France granted Chad the status of overseas territory and its inhabitants the right to elect representatives to the French National Assembly and a Chadian assembly.  Chad was granted independence on 11 August 1960.

 

Now that you have learned a little more about global events, consider adding one of these courses to your To Learn List:

 

 

Around the World in 62 Days

 

We’ve visited 88 countries so far – and we still have another 3 weeks of journeying!  Where to next? Well, next week we will visit Pakistan and India, South Korea, Gabon and many more…  then we will spend some time in Europe, Asia and South America before the end of August!

Around the World in 62 Days: Day 15 – 21

Around the World in 62 Days

 

Welcome back!  Grab your passport and get ready to take off while we visit Slovakia, Columbia, Belgium and Guam this week.  The fasten seatbelt light has been lit and the Captain says we are prepared for take off.  Please pay attention to the following safety video, treat your flight attendants with kindness and enjoy the journey!

 

July 17Slovakia Declaration of Independence in 1992 (A Remembrance Day Only)

200px-Flag_of_Slovakia.svgWhile the dissolution of Czechoslovakia officially occurred on January 1, 1993, the Slovak Parliament adopted the Declaration of Independence of the Slovak nation on July 17, 1992 under Vladimír Mečiar.  By July 23rd, Mečiar and Václav Klaus (Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia) came to terms to dissolve Czechoslovakia.  It is interesting to note that there was a movement for either a tighter confederation of the two states or complete independence.  The vast majority of either state were not in favour of the dissolution and to this day there are still tight ties between the countries including both nations using either language officially as long as the speaker is using their native tongue.  Slovakia has since become a member of the European Union, NATO, the UN, WTO and many other organizations.

 

July 20

 

200px-Flag_of_Colombia.svgColombia – Declaration of independence from Spain 1810

In 1808, Charles IV of Spain was forced to abdicate the throne (along with Ferdinand VII of Spain) by Napoleon Bonaparte in favour of crowning his brother Joseph I as King of Spain.  This didn’t last long, which lead to the formation of the Supreme Central and Governing Junta of the Kingdom – which collapsed in early 1810 in favour of reinstating Ferdinand VII.  The news reached the Americas in mid 1810…a number of incidents occurred, including the breaking of a vase which eventually led to the independence of Colombia (known also as Gran Colombia to differentiate it from the Columbia of today).  It’s a fascinating history, and well worth the read!

 

July 21

 

200px-Flag_of_Belgium.svgBelgium Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians on July 21, 1831 after independence from the United Netherlands (Belgian revolution) on October 4, 1830. 

Formed from the “Southern Provinces” of the Netherlands, Belgium became an officially French-speaking nation once it gained its independence from the Netherlands.  Leopold I was not the first choice of King of Belgium (Louis, the second son of Louis-Philippe, King of France was considered first, but this was nixed by Louis-Philippe on the advice of Lord Palmerston, British Foreign Secretary).  Leopold was very nearly the Prince Consort of the United Kingdom (had Princess Charlotte lived, she would have been Queen), and then he was next offered the Throne of Greece, which he refused due to the perceived opposition to this appointment and his lack of desire in being imposed on a nation.  He accepted this offer to become King of Belgium, and took his oath on July 21, 1831.  Two weeks later, King William I attacked Belgium in an attempt to regain control.  Skirmishes continued for 8 years, and finally in 1839, both sides signed a Treaty recognizing the independence of Belgium.

Flag_of_Guam.svgGuam (Liberation Day, Americans landing on Guam 1944, the beginning of the Battle of Guam (1944)

Guam had been an American Territory since 1898. Captured by Japan on December 8th, 1941 just hours after the attack on Pearl Harbour, residents of Guam faced a 2.5 year occupation.  During this time they were forced to adopt Japanese culture, into forced labour amongst other atrocities.  On July 21, 1944 US troops recaptured the island. Guam is once again a territory of the US, has a democratic, self led government; representation in Congress; and pay some US taxes.

 

A few courses that you might be interested in reviewing this week:

The Captain has informed us that we are preparing to land.  Please return your seats and trays to an upright position and fasten your seatbelts as our journey comes to an end for this week – but please, join us next week when we will gather passport stamps from Egypt, Puerto Rico, Liberia, Peru and the Republic of the Maldives.  There are many more places to visit this summer, so make sure to come back every week to see where we will head next!